Made up of bone, muscle and ligaments, the lower back is important to managing everyday routines. Because the lower back is the axis between the upper and lower body, it is especially vulnerable to injury when lifting, reaching, or twisting. When low back pain strikes, managing daily routines become difficult.
It is estimated that up to 85% of Americans have some level of low back pain. Low back pain is often caused by some combination of overuse, muscle strain, or injury to the muscles and ligaments that support the spine. Other causes can include:
- Facet joint pain
- Intervertebral disc degeneration
- Intervertebral disc herniation causing low back pain with radiation to the leg
- Sacroiliac joint pain
- Spinal stenosis
- Failed back surgery syndrome